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Can You Sue for a Rear-End Truck Collision?

When another vehicle smashes into your car from behind, it can result in physical injuries and automobile damage. These damages are often minor, but this is likely not the case if a commercial truck rear-ends you. Whether minor or severe, you have a right to seek compensation for your damages if the accident was not your fault.

Crash statistics gathered by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration show that rear-end collisions occur more often than other types of car crashes. Usually, negligent or reckless driving of the car behind you causes this kind of accident. However, this is not always the case, especially in a comparative fault state.

Rear-End Accidents

This crash type occurs when the front bumper of one vehicle hits the rear end of another vehicle. Even if a car has only minor damage, people often suffer neck and back injuries following an accident of this nature.

When a commercial truck hits your car from behind, it can cause immediate and potentially severe injuries. Semi trucks with fully loaded trailers can weigh 80,000 pounds. This weight also carries significant force if the trucker is driving fast. The size difference between a truck and a car can result in extensive damage to vehicles and their occupants when a collision occurs.

Collision Injuries

If a truck hits your vehicle, you can sustain bodily harm that leads to chronic pain or permanent injury. Rear-end truck accidents that happen at a slow speed can still cause critical injuries. High-speed rear-end crashes can result in death, especially if passengers are in the car’s back seat.

Injuries that are common following a rear-end accident include:

  • Whiplash
  • Concussions or other head trauma
  • Facial injuries, cuts and bruises
  • Broken bones or sprains
  • Spinal cord injuries
  • Soft tissue damage

Compensation Rights

Injuries like whiplash can have long-term complications that require ongoing treatment. You may need regular medical care, physical therapy or pain management services after this type of wreck. Serious damages and chronic neck pain can also lead to missed work and lost wages

In truck accidents, the losses can exceed the amount insurance covers. If you can prove the commercial truck driver is at fault, you have a right to compensation for the costs associated with your damages. You must be able to show that your expenses are a direct result of your accident.

Accident Damages

You can file a lawsuit to recoup expenses related to:

  • Vehicle repairs
  • Medical bills
  • Reduced earning ability
  • Loss of income
  • Mental anguish
  • Pain and suffering
  • Wrongful death

Commercial Vehicle Liability

Truckers and trucking companies must follow a unique set of rules and regulations. If a commercial vehicle crashes into you, you may be able to sue the driver, the trucker’s employer, or the truck’s manufacturer. Your legal options depend on the details of your case.

If negligent driving leads to an accident, you can hold the truck driver liable for your damages. Most truckers work for an employer, and often the trucking company also has legal responsibility for the driver’s actions. The company is also accountable for issues related to improper truck maintenance. Additionally, if a parts malfunction causes your wreck, you may be able to sue the vehicle’s manufacturer or the mechanic who services the truck.

Legal Claims

An accident involving a large truck can leave you with extensive injuries and property damage, resulting in expensive medical treatment and repair costs. You have a right to recover these expenses if the other driver was at fault. You may even be able to seek compensation if you are partially at fault. If a court finds you have some liability in your accident, the truck driver may have to pay a percentage of your costs.

First Steps

If a semi trailer truck hits your car from the back, you should call 911 and take photos of the accident scene if possible. Seek medical treatment right away. Have the emergency services team evaluate your injuries, then go to the emergency room for further assessment. When you file a lawsuit, your photos and medical records help you prove your case.

Insurance Claims

File a personal injury claim with your insurance provider, then seek advice from an attorney with experience handling truck accidents. Someone who knows the process can help you avoid mistakes along the way. Do not speak with the trucker’s insurance company until you understand your rights.

The other insurance company may not offer a fair settlement. The coverage may not pay for all your associated expenses. When negligence causes a collision, you have the right to sue for the compensation you deserve with the help of an experienced truck accident attorney.

Essential Evidence

Collect the evidence supporting your legal claim. Examples of proof may include:

  • A police report from the scene of your accident
  • Witness statements
  • Pictures of the crash
  • Medical records of your treatment and diagnosis
  • Medical bills
  • Street camera video footage

Formal Complaint

After gathering the evidence relevant to your case, you can file a formal complaint with the civil courts. Your grievance should explain:

  • The details of the accident
  • The way you got hurt
  • The amount of money you are asking for as compensation

Once you file, you start the legal process of suing for payment related to your accident damages. Your case may require holding court proceedings, depending on the circumstances surrounding your crash. However, a trucking accident lawyer can often help you negotiate a settlement offer without having to go to court.

Statute of Limitations

Each state has specific statutes of limitations for filing accident claims. For example, in Indiana, you have two years from the date of your collision to file a civil lawsuit. However, if the truck driver was employed by a government entity, you have 270 days to send a Tort Claim Notice to the correct governmental entity that employs the driver. The time limit shortens to 180 days if the truck driver is employed by a political subdivision in Indiana. If the driver is employed by the federal government, notice must be sent to the correct federal entity within 2 years. Following a crash, taking action as soon as possible helps you avoid missing your opportunity to receive financial compensation.

Accident Liability

All drivers on the road must keep a safe distance from the vehicle in front of them. This rule is especially critical for truck drivers, as it takes them longer to come to a complete stop. However, there are many potential causes of rear-end collisions, such as:

Legal Assistance

At Hensley Legal Group, we strive to minimize the stress of filing a lawsuit. We dedicate our time to finding solutions to your legal problems. Our knowledge and experience help you get the compensation you deserve following a rear-end crash.

We understand the difficulties following an accident and are ready to assist you with your legal case. Reach out today online or at(317) 563-7971 for a free conversation about your legal options.

https://cdan.nhtsa.gov/SASStoredProcess/guest

https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/whiplash/symptoms-causes/syc-20378921

https://csa.fmcsa.dot.gov/SafetyPlanner/MyFiles/SubSections.aspx?ch=22&sec=64&sub=137

https://www.in.gov/isp/commands/commercial-vehicle-enforcement/

https://www.law.cornell.edu/wex/comparative_negligence